No matter how carefully the oven is used in the process of cooking, the internal surfaces of the device still get dirty over time. There are different methods of cleaning this indispensable helper in the kitchen. Which option is suitable in a particular case largely depends on the model of the product. However, there is a universal effective solution – hydrolytic cleaning of the oven.
What it is
The principle of hydrolysis cleaning is quite simple. It is a steam treatment.
Water is poured into a special recess in the lower part of the oven. Under the influence of temperature (up to 90 °C), the liquid evaporates, settles on the walls inside the device, which has a destructive effect on fat and other accumulations. Cleaning agents are usually added to the water, which makes the process more effective. All that remains to be done after cooling the surfaces is to wipe them with a damp sponge.
Ovens with a built-in hydrolysis function are equipped with a special recess in the base, into which detergent and water are poured. A distinctive feature of such devices is the coating of the internal surfaces of the cabinet with high-quality enamel, resistant to alkalis and acids. This is due to the fact that the liquid can not only neutralize pollution: without a good coating, the metal will be prone to corrosion.
The peculiarity is that any oven can be cleaned using the hydrolysis method. In the case of a conventional oven, water is poured into a baking tray or heat-resistant dish. However, the surfaces of such devices are less resistant to corrosion, so steam cleaning is often not recommended.
Advantages of the method
The advantages of the hydrolysis method of cleaning can be highlighted as follows:
- Low level of energy consumption in comparison, for example, with pyrolytic cleaning .
- Ability to set a cleaning timer.
- The cost of ovens with this type of cleaning is relatively small.
- This method can be used both for new models of kitchen appliances and for old ones.
- Cleaning by hydrolysis is possible in electric and gas appliances.
- The relatively low temperature of the surface treatment, accordingly, does not have a negative effect on the furniture items located nearby.
As with any other cleaning method, the hydrolysis method, in addition to its advantages, also has its inherent disadvantages. The main disadvantages are:
- Complete cleaning is not provided, because the final stage is the removal of softened dirt with a rag or sponge.
- Steam cannot cope with any type of contamination (for example, strong soot cannot be removed in this way).
- Unlike the catalytic cleaning of the oven , you need to set aside a separate time for hydrolysis, which is not always convenient.
Despite the existing disadvantages, by using the hydrolysis method of cleaning, the oven can always be kept in perfect condition for cleanliness. To do this, you need to clean every time after preparing another culinary masterpiece.
How it looks step by step
The step-by-step process of hydrolytic cleaning of the oven looks like this:
- Water with the addition of detergent is poured into a deep tray. In the model of the oven with the function of hydrolysis, as a rule, there is a special depression in the lower part of the device, where the liquid should be poured.
- The tray is placed in the oven.
- The device is put into operation at a temperature of 50 to 90 degrees.
- The liquid evaporates inside the cabinet for about 30 minutes.
- After turning off, the oven cools down for 5-10 minutes, wipes with a sponge.
If the contamination was not removed in one session, it is advisable to repeat the procedure.
How to achieve an ideal result
You can try to get rid of dirt only with water, without adding detergents. However, their use is desirable. If you don’t want to use any kind of household chemicals, you can use one of the so-called folk methods in practice. To do this, use the means that are usually in the kitchen of any housewife:
- Vinegar. To increase the efficiency of hydrolysis cleaning, you need to dilute 50 g of vinegar in 400 g of water. Next, dishes with this composition are placed in the oven, heated at 90 degrees for half an hour. The final step is to wipe the surfaces with a soft cloth or foam sponge.
- Lemon. The process is as follows: 2 glasses of water are poured into the pan, a couple of tablespoons of detergent are added, a lemon is cut and also placed in the resulting solution. In the next step, all this is placed in the oven, which is subsequently heated to 150 degrees. After 30 minutes, the device turns off. After cooling, the oven is wiped.
- Salt. Water is poured into a baking tray or other refractory container, and 300 g of salt is added to it. The dishes are placed in the oven. The cabinet is heated to 200 oC, after 30-40 minutes it is turned off. After incomplete cooling, the cabinet walls are washed with a cloth or sponge.