The presence of mold on the internal surfaces of the refrigerator can lead to very serious health problems for those who use it. If fungus appears on the sealing rubber, doors, walls or shelves of the appliance, measures should be taken to remove it immediately. For this purpose, you can use both special cleaning agents and, for example, vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, ordinary household soap. Let’s consider in detail how to get rid of mold in the refrigerator.
Causes of the appearance and reproduction of the fungus
Most often, mold in the refrigerator appears for the following reasons:
- The household appliance did not function for a long time, while the door was closed;
- Not quite fresh food products littered the shelves;
- Cleaning is done very rarely;
- Increased humidity inside.
As for the first point, mold often forms on the inner surfaces of so-called “cottage” refrigerators, which the owners of country houses leave for a long time in a non-working state, and even with the doors closed. Condensation forms inside, and high humidity plus coolness and musty air lead to the appearance of mold.
In cases with storage of expired products and washing the surfaces of the device no more than once every six months, everything is extremely clear: the bad should be thrown away in time, the refrigerator should be cleaned at least once a month.
If you observe high humidity inside the device, check the drain hole, it may be clogged.
Means against mold
There are two options: a special cleaning agent that can be purchased in a store, or a folk method.
Preferring special means, it is advisable to buy a product designed specifically for cleaning refrigerators. In a wide assortment, such products are produced under the brands Luxus, Flat, Top House, Cillit, Cif, Mr. Muscle. Choose one that is available at your hardware store and is affordable. There is no fundamental difference between the products of different brands.
However, you can easily get rid of mold with the help of improvised means, which, as a rule, are in every house. Each of these products has its advantages and disadvantages:
- Vinegar. It is a cheap and affordable tool, but it is somewhat more difficult to deal with dark spots with its help.
- Hydrogen peroxide. Removes mold well, but after processing in the refrigerator for some time, the smell of the product is present, which is not always pleasant in combination with food products.
- Chlorine-based bleach. For example, underwear. It copes well with the fungus, but slightly dries the door seal, so after the cleaning process is completed, it is advisable to treat the rubber element with petroleum jelly.
What exactly to choose, each housewife decides independently, but in order to simplify her task, it is advisable to take into account some recommendations:
- any of the specified means is used undiluted with water;
- it will be much easier to reach hard-to-reach corners inside the refrigerator if you first pour vinegar, peroxide or bleach into a spray bottle;
- in order to remove dirt from the grooves of the sealing rubber, it is advisable to use cotton buds, and to get rid of mold on uneven surfaces, a simple toothbrush will help.
The step-by-step process of removing mold from the internal surfaces of the refrigerator is as follows:
- Wear gloves.
- Remove all products without exception.
- Pull out removable elements (shelves, grids, trays, drawers).
- Turn off the refrigerator from the electrical network, it is necessary to defrost.
- Place all the shelves, trays, grids removed from the refrigerator in a bathtub or other large container. Pour water over them, adding 2 cups of vinegar. Leave to soak.
- On the internal surfaces of the refrigerator, apply the selected cleaning agent with a sponge or preferably with a sprayer. Leave for 10-15 minutes to affect the fungus. If you use a store-bought cleaner, follow the instructions. Wipe the cooling surfaces with a soft cloth.
- Wipe all rubber seals with a sponge dipped in hydrogen peroxide or vinegar. Push them away. For convenience, use cotton buds.
- Wash, rinse and dry the removable elements previously lowered into the bath.
- Wash all internal surfaces of the refrigerator with soapy water, wipe clean with a cloth or sponge soaked in clean water.
- Additionally, you can use an ultraviolet lamp (if you have one). Put it in the refrigerator for an hour and a half to disinfect.
Another important point is to check the drain hole . Its clogging threatens an excessively high level of humidity inside the device. First, the hole is cleaned using, for example, a toothpick, then the same agent that was used to get rid of mold is poured into it. To perform such a procedure, it is advisable to use a funnel or a medical pear.
If you chose hydrogen peroxide or laundry for disinfection, it may leave an unpleasant smell in the refrigerator. To get rid of the smell , dilute vinegar in water 1 to 1, wet a cloth in the solution and wipe all surfaces. The smell will go away. Ground coffee and orange peels also cope well with such a problem.
Check all products before returning them to the refrigerator. It is important to get rid of packages and products on which black spots of mold have spread. Throw it all away. It is dangerous to eat such food, and returning it to the refrigerator will provoke a new appearance of mold.