Most modern down jackets and coats are decorated with fur collars, which give clothes a more extravagant look. In addition to everything else, the fur collar additionally insulates the thing. Unfortunately, over time, such accessories lose their attractive appearance due to various impurities, the removal of which requires certain knowledge in the specifics of fur cleaning. Let’s consider what and how to clean a fur collar at home.
First of all, decide from which fur the collar of your jacket is sewn. You need this knowledge to take into account the specifics of the material when cleaning.
- It is better to clean a light fox collar only with a dry method using substances that do not contain oil in the composition, for example, talc.
- For a dark fox, wet cleaning with shampoo or detergent is acceptable.
- Wet cleaning of local contamination with gasoline or a soapy solution is suitable for a black bear, chinchilla or raccoon. If you need to clean the fur from dust, use semolina or starch.
- Nutria or beaver differ from other types of fur by the presence of denser short undercoat and long pile. Cleaning with hot sand or bran is suitable for such products.
- Rabbit fur sometimes needs preventive cleaning with hydrogen peroxide or its mixture with a few drops of ammonia.
- To remove dust from sheepskin, use only dry cleaning. Wet treatment using peroxide or a solution with lemon juice should be used only in the presence of heavy contamination.
Importantly! Artificially dyed fur cannot be cleaned with a wet method, otherwise the dye will flow and the color of the collar will change.
Pay attention to the study of substances that are not recommended for cleaning fur. In particular, it is:
- aggressive substances;
- bleaches and stain removers;
- washing powders with active ingredients.
It is also not recommended to soak products in water and iron them.
Natural fur, like several types of artificial fur, is not recommended to be washed so that the material does not lose its original appearance. An alternative to wet cleaning will be dry cleaning, which you can perform with the help of improvised means.
The procedure is suitable for cleaning removable collars. Processing order:
- Unfasten the fur from the collar.
- Put the fur part in a plastic bag.
- Pour in the starch and shake the ball well.
- Without removing the bag, rub the surface of the fur with a brush.
- Take the product out of the package, and knock out the remaining starch from the pile.
After the procedure, be sure to air the collar in the fresh air.
Rye or wheat bran is suitable for the procedure.
- Heat 300-350 g of bran in a pan.
- Place the fur on a clean cloth.
- Sprinkle the pile with hot bran.
- Rub the mixture with your palms, moving against the pile.
After processing, comb the fur with a wooden comb with thin teeth.
Semolina with salt
A mixture of salt and semolina is suitable for cleaning collars with a short pile.
- Mix the products in equal proportions and apply to the surface.
- Clean the pile with your fingers or a brush, and then remove the remaining substances by shaking the product.
Semolina with salt perfectly absorbs dirt and dust. You will be able to see this when you shake the substances out of the collar. Repeat the procedure until the substances shaken out of the pile are clean.
Instructions for cleaning fur with sand:
- Before the procedure, heat the sand a little in a clean pan.
- Apply warm sand to the undercoat and rub it into the pile in circular motions.
- The substance will absorb dust and sebaceous deposits.
- At the last stage, wipe off the remaining sand from the collar.
If necessary, repeat the procedure.
Be sure to sift the flour several times before use. Next, do the following:
- Comb the fur collar thoroughly.
- Dust its entire surface with flour.
- With the help of a brush, distribute the flour, as if combing the fur against the pile.
- Using a brush back and forth, rub the flour into the base of the pile.
- After 5 minutes, carefully beat the flour out of the fur.
After the procedure, comb the pile with a comb.
Ordinary baby powder without additional impurities and oils is suitable for removing greasy spots and dust from the surface of the collar.
- Cover the entire surface with talc and rub it thoroughly into the base of the pile.
- Leave the powder on the surface for 10-15 minutes.
- Shake off the talcum powder residue from the collar.
You can completely remove the remaining powder from the fur using cold air from a hair dryer.
First of all, it is worth understanding that wet cleaning is not washing. This is treatment using liquid substances or, in extreme cases, a wet sponge. Similar processing will be relevant for fur products with long and dense pile.
Cleaning with an alcohol solution is suitable for removing greasy stains and local pollution, can eliminate unpleasant odors, and even fluff the fur a little.
For the procedure you will need:
- 100 ml of water;
- 50 ml of ethyl alcohol or vodka;
- 30 ml of vinegar.
Course of action:
- Mix the ingredients thoroughly and pour into a container with a spray bottle.
- Spread the fur on a horizontal surface covered with polyethylene.
- Spray the surface of the collar.
- Wipe the lint with a dry cotton cloth, trying to treat each lint.
- Comb the pile with a wooden comb with wide, blunt teeth.
- Shake the collar and dry it in the fresh air so that the smell of vinegar evaporates faster.
White collar can be treated with a similar solution, replacing vinegar with a mixture of 1 tbsp. spoons of lemon juice and ½ tbsp. spoons of soda.
A shampoo that does not contain balm or oil impurities is suitable for wet processing of fur. The best option would be a special shampoo for cats and dogs.
- Dissolve 5-10 ml of shampoo in 250 ml of warm water.
- Dip a sponge in the solution and process the pile.
- Leave the substance on the surface for 5 minutes.
- Rub the fur with a soft brush.
- Wash off the rest of the shampoo with a clean sponge.
- Wipe the surface with a dry cloth and lay the collar out to dry.
With the help of gasoline, you will be able to clean local pollution from the fur.
- Dip a cotton sponge in the substance and rub the pile without touching the undercoat.
- After processing, spray the cleaned area with water from a spray bottle, and during the drying process, comb the fur from time to time.
Sodium chloride and hydrogen peroxide
Treatment with the product is suitable for cleaning white fur. Application method:
- Dissolve 1 teaspoon of peroxide in 1 glass of water and add 1-2 drops of ammonia.
- Wet the sponge in the solution and carefully process the pile without touching the undercoat.
- After cleaning, shake and dry the fur in the fresh air.
Salt and ammonia
For the procedure, you will need a glass of water, 2 teaspoons of salt and 1 teaspoon of ammonia, as well as a container with a spray bottle. Processing progress:
- Dissolve the substances in water.
- Pour the mixture into a spray bottle.
- Spray the solution on the surface of the fur.
- So that substances do not penetrate into the leather base, turn the collar with the fur down, laying it on a clean cloth. Leave the fur in this position for 30 minutes.
- After the exposure time, wipe the fur surface with a damp sponge.
You can clean dark fur with table vinegar. For this:
- Mix 50 ml of vinegar with 40 ml of water and wet a cotton sponge with the solution.
- Treat the dirty areas on the pile with a sponge.
- Replace the sponge with a new one as it becomes dirty.
Repeat the process until the last cotton pad is clean.
Detergent for fur can be prepared from liquid soap or baby shampoo. For this:
- Mix 30 ml of detergent with 1 liter of warm water.
- Thoroughly beat the liquid until a thick foam is formed.
- Apply the finished foam to the surface and leave for 15 minutes.
- Wash off the remaining foam with a clean damp sponge.
Dry the product in the fresh air.
Detergents for carpets and furniture
Cleaning agents for carpets and furniture upholstery will help to restore the purity of artificial fur.
- Dilute the substance according to the instructions on the package and treat the fur in the same way as you would clean upholstery or carpet.
- After the procedure, dry the product thoroughly.
Cleaning with a damp sheet
You will need an ordinary cotton sheet for the procedure.
- Slightly moisten the sheet and spread it on a horizontal surface.
- Place the fur on one edge of the sheet and cover it with the other edge.
- Use your hands to knock the dirt out of the pile, which will be absorbed into the wet cloth.
- After thorough processing, the fur can be immediately removed from the sheet and fastened in place.
Can a fur collar be machine washed?
It is strictly forbidden to wash natural fur in an automatic machine . The best option would be dry cleaning of the pile. If you can’t do without wet treatment, clean the surface with a sponge dipped in a soapy solution.
Faux fur is calmer when wet. The material can be washed by hand, and in some cases even in a machine. At the same time, choose only the delicate mode in cold water without spinning, and add only special detergents for washing wool or shampoo.
How to remove yellowness
Unfortunately, yellowed spots on light-colored fur products are extremely difficult to remove.
To eliminate such pollution, try to lighten the fur with hydrogen peroxide . To do this, dissolve one part of peroxide in two parts of water and wet a cotton sponge with the solution. Gently wipe the yellow spots with a tampon, ventilate and dry the collar.
You can also use a product based on hydrogen peroxide with ammonia .
Try to remove minor contamination with potato starch . At the same time, apply the substance locally to the yellowed place and thoroughly rub the fur, as if washing it with your hands. Shake off the remaining starch, and brush the product.
What to do with spots on a fur collar
You can remove local contamination from cosmetics (tonal cream or lipstick) by rubbing the area with a cotton swab dipped in an alcohol solution.
Sebaceous and greasy stains from products are best cleaned with purified gasoline using a cotton swab.
Cleaning the faux fur collar
Artificial fur is less demanding in processing than natural fur. Such collars can be washed by hand and even in a washing machine. At the same time, certain washing rules should be followed:
- for hand washing, use cool water not exceeding 30 degrees;
- do not soak the product in water for a long time, 5 minutes will be enough;
- use only special means for washing wool;
- in the process of washing, do not rub the collar, and then do not wring it out, letting the water drain by itself;
- for machine washing, choose only the delicate mode in cold water without spinning;
- dry the product properly.
It is better to remove local contamination first with starch or gasoline.
If the artificial collar is simply covered with dust, use a vacuum cleaner to clean it.
If you used a wet finish to clean the collar, dry the thing after the procedure. The drying rules are very simple:
- immediately after washing, spread the collar on a horizontal surface or fasten it in place so that it does not deform;
- dry the product only in natural conditions away from sources of artificial heat and bright sunlight;
- during the drying process, periodically shake and comb the fur to straighten the pile.
You can dry it with a hairdryer, but only by setting the temperature regulator to cold air and combing the pile in the process.
You can clean the fur of the collar in several ways: dry, wet or machine washed. The best option is the dry processing method, as it absolutely does not harm the material. Wet cleaning should be used only in difficult cases. The collar can be washed only if it is sewn from artificial fur.