Cleaning the oven is sometimes difficult, as a lot of grease and other types of dirt stick to its inner surface. It is especially difficult for those who like to cook, because such a problem occurs to them regularly. A simple way to solve this problem is to clean the oven with steam. It is not difficult to determine what it is, since the name itself suggests the principles by which pollution is affected, and some plates even have this function from the manufacturer.
Description of the method
Steam cleaning is otherwise called hydrolysis. This is a fairly simple method that involves the quick removal of any fat from the inner walls of the oven without using synthetic components.
It will not be possible to achieve complete cleaning of dirt, but steam cleaning will ensure easier washing at the next stage.
Hydrolysis involves the use of water. To implement this method, pour a small amount of water on a baking sheet, adding a little detergent to it. After that, the container is placed in the household appliance and the door is closed. Set the temperature at 90-190 °C.
Water changes from a liquid to a gaseous state, in other words, steam is formed. It acts on the deposition of fat. Steam must be used at the stage when the dirt has not yet dried in the oven.
Built-in steam cleaning function
It is present in some models of ovens. Devices from the Samsung company can serve as an example. This is a useful option, thanks to which dirt can be removed.
The cleaning process follows the same principle as described earlier:
- remove all kitchen utensils from the device;
- pour approximately 400 ml of water into the bottom of the oven and close the door tightly;
- include a steam cleaning option;
- as soon as the removal of fat is completed, the device will emit a sound signal, notifying the end of work.
Owners of equipment have only to walk a clean cloth over the surface of the cabinet. Liquid residues are removed using a porous sponge. To completely dry the enamel, it is necessary to leave the door open at an angle of 15°.
There are rules that owners of ovens with a steam cleaning function should remember. It should be understood that the water that is at the bottom of the device is quite hot, so you must be careful when interacting with it. What other nuances need to be taken into account:
- if the contamination is strong or outdated, the procedure should be repeated several times;
- the water used in the oven cannot be left overnight;
- if there is heavy dirt on the walls of the cabinet, it is advisable to add a few drops of detergent to the water.
Devices equipped with the function of hydrolysis have a number of features. For example, using steam to combat dirt on a regular basis is not recommended. This method, in combination with detergents, can lead to corrosion of the internal elements of the cabinet.
Some companies use enamel that can resist acids and alkalis well in the production of household appliances.
Some models provide electronic programs that regulate the action of steam. In a number of devices, it is recommended to use a special cleaning composition instead of ordinary water. In this case, it is necessary to fill the baking sheet with them and heat the oven. Equipment equipped with the Cleaning system includes the use of special sprays. They act as a substitute for steam.
Some manufacturers, for example, Gorenje, include the Aqua Clean system in the list of programs. Hydrolytic cleaning is also provided here, but only 500 ml of ordinary water heated to 50 °C is required. This system allows you to get rid of any dirt on the walls in 30 minutes. This method is also suitable for cleaning the inner walls of a microwave oven. It is enough to take any bowl, pour water into it and put it under the device to work for a few minutes.
There are models of ovens that have a hydrolysis function, but water is poured into a round cavity, not on a baking sheet. This capacity is specially designed for these purposes. There are many other systems:
A consultant in the store can advise which option to choose, but the traditional type of cleaning is better if you plan to use less electricity and ensure a long service life of the equipment.
Self-cleaning saves a lot of time, but can lead to premature failure of the device. This means that you will have to make an unplanned purchase of new equipment.
The easiest way to clean the oven is to use specialized products sold in stores. Usually, such detergents are inexpensive, and one bottle is enough for a long time. Using this method, you need to remember that before using the product, you should wet all surfaces with water. But such drugs have an aggressive effect, and therefore can damage the enamel on the walls of the cabinet.
Special devices with self-cleaning enamel are sold in stores. Fat deposits almost do not stick to it. If something does burn, it is easy to get rid of such pollution. This effect can be explained by the presence of catalyst particles in the enamel structure. The compound decomposes any fats. This method is called catalytic. It involves the use of low temperatures. To increase the efficiency of the catalytic method of cleaning, an additional grease-capturing filter is installed.
Another method of cleaning the device is pyrolysis. It is based on the complete combustion of fat and food particles. This is the most aggressive method of fighting pollution of all described. Ash remains in the oven chamber after use. At the same time, the oven door is blocked and there is no way to open it yourself.
Pyrolysis puts a load on the device, and therefore it cannot be called gentle. It is provided in some Bosch and Gaggenau models.
Food particles can be burned at lower temperatures, so a level system of work is assumed here. This allows you to additionally save electricity.
The best choice
Each method has its pros and cons. Catalytic cleaning is available in both electric and gas ovens. Additional energy costs are excluded here, as the fat is destroyed during cooking. Any control by the owner of the equipment is not required.
But catalytic panels become unusable over time and need to be replaced. In addition, ovens where this method is provided are more expensive. Enamel, which has the ability to clean itself, is not present on all surfaces of the device. For this reason, individual areas have to be washed by hand.
Hydrolysis is carried out at a low temperature, but requires additional monetary costs. Energy consumption here is quite significant. The biggest disadvantage of this technique is the impossibility of getting rid of all impurities. Hydrolysis can be considered no more than an auxiliary method, ahead of washing the oven. The high efficiency of hydrolysis can be ensured by starting the cleaning when the particles of fat and food are in a softened form.
Pyrolysis does not require removing the tray. This is the most effective method available today. Ovens with this option use heat-resistant materials. But at the same time, such equipment is the most expensive today. The formation of a burning smell during pyrolysis cannot be excluded. You also have to be careful with the side walls, as they sometimes heat up.
Any available method of cleaning the oven has its advantages and disadvantages. The least expensive and most affordable of them is steam cleaning. It can be used for any oven model. Hydrolysis makes the care of household appliances easier and more pleasant. It does not require the use of additional cleaning components.
After cooking, the housewife faces the question of cleaning the oven with steam. Everyone who plans to regularly use such a device should know what it is.