New white things do not please their owner for long: after a few months, stains form on them. Chemistry sometimes does the impossible, but when choosing a bleach, you need to have an idea of its properties. How to use bleach depends on the type of bleach you choose: oxygen, chlorine, or optical.
Any bleaches contain chemicals that sometimes harm the skin and tissues of the body. To protect yourself, you should follow basic safety rules:
- after using the product, wash your hands thoroughly;
- use protective gloves if the skin is sensitive;
- keep out of the reach of children;
- if the product gets into the eyes, wash them under running water;
- in case of accidental ingestion, drink drinking water, and then consult a doctor.
When using oxygen-containing bleach, pay attention to the packaging, which indicates the dosage for hand and machine washing.
Consider the use of highly effective Vanish Oxi Action as an example. It is designed to clean light-colored items from stains that other types of bleaches cannot deal with. Contains oxygen-containing bleach (5-15%).
Instructions for use:
- If soaking is necessary, the agent is added at the rate of: 100 ml per 4 liters of water. Soaked items should be bleached for no more than 6 hours.
- For normal washing, 100 ml of powder is poured into a dispenser and placed in the washing machine together with the clothes. The powder is added to the compartment of the washing machine and the process is started.
- do not use a bleaching agent for colored materials, as well as wool, leather and silk;
- avoid getting the product on metal objects.
The plus of oxygen bleach is that it is convenient to use. Release forms: powder, gel, substance, spray, capsules (for vending machines), foam.
Means with an optical effect mask the fabric from dirt. In addition, they give fabrics brightness.
When using such means, you must follow the rules:
- you should strictly follow the instructions for using optical bleaches, since a strong concentration does not cause a whitening effect, but, on the contrary, colors the fibers;
- the temperature of the solution should not be higher than 60 ° C;
- do not wash in hard water.
If you do not follow the instructions, things can acquire a not very pleasant gray shade.
The most common example of such a tool is Laundry. It is clear from the name that such bleaches contain chlorine. It copes well with its task, but it is often impossible to use such a tool – it corrodes the fibers of the fabric, which can lead to fragility and rash. In addition, there are a number of fabrics to which it is forbidden to use chlorine. Even jeans can be bleached, but for bleaching things made of wool, leather and silk, especially light-colored ones, “Underwear” is not suitable.
Since chlorine is chemically active, all actions with it should be carried out in gloves and a mask. A gauze respirator is suitable as a mask. Eyes should be covered with glasses so that splashes do not get into them. Chlorine, even in diluted form, provokes allergic reactions, and when it gets on the mucous membranes, a burn occurs, which requires consulting a doctor.
Advice! White items that are washed often require less bleaching.
Hand washing with the use of linen does not raise any questions, see this article in detail . But during machine washing, housewives often pour the product directly into the tray of the machine. Is it right to do so?
Chlorine is an aggressive substance that has a negative effect on various types of fabrics, so washing with it in an automatic machine is allowed in exceptional cases. The fact is that the rubber parts of the device lose strength. It is inevitable that the machine will leak and further repair.
Recommendations for hardware whitening:
- carefully study the instructions for the washing machine: is the use of chlorine-containing products allowed;
- before use, dilute the gel with water, and then place it in a drum to avoid contact with the parts of the unit;
- before placing in the drum, wet the laundry abundantly with cold water;
- set the washing mode to a low temperature level;
- repeatedly rinse products using conditioner;
- remove traces of the product from the internal surfaces of the unit.
When choosing between a dry and a liquid product, consider how often you will have to use them. The shelf life of liquid bleaches is short (3-4 months). Powdered bleaches are stored for 5 years or more.